How to Connect Php-Fpm With Nginx?

5 minutes read

To connect PHP-FPM with Nginx, you first need to install PHP-FPM on your server. Then, you need to configure Nginx to pass PHP requests to the PHP-FPM server.


You can do this by editing the Nginx configuration file for your website and adding the necessary directives to pass PHP requests to PHP-FPM. Make sure to set the correct UNIX socket or IP address and port for the PHP-FPM server in the Nginx configuration.


Once you have configured Nginx to work with PHP-FPM, you can restart Nginx to apply the changes and start serving PHP files through PHP-FPM. This will improve the performance of your PHP applications by offloading the PHP processing to a separate PHP-FPM process.

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How to check if PHP-FPM is running with NGINX?

You can check if PHP-FPM is running with NGINX by following these steps:

  1. SSH into your server where NGINX is installed.
  2. Run the following command to check if PHP-FPM service is running:
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sudo systemctl status php-fpm


  1. If PHP-FPM service is running, you will see a status message indicating that the service is active and running.
  2. Next, you can check if NGINX is configured to use PHP-FPM by checking the NGINX configuration file. Typically, you can find the NGINX configuration file at /etc/nginx/nginx.conf or /etc/nginx/sites-available/default.
  3. Look for the location block where PHP files are processed, and you should see a line that looks like this:
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fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock;


  1. The above line indicates that NGINX is configured to use PHP-FPM to process PHP files. If you do not see this line in the NGINX configuration file, you may need to add it and restart NGINX for the changes to take effect.


What is the recommended version of PHP for use with PHP-FPM?

The recommended version of PHP for use with PHP-FPM is PHP 7.4 or later. PHP 7.4 is the latest stable version of PHP and includes performance improvements and new features that make it a good choice for use with PHP-FPM. Using a newer version of PHP also ensures that you have access to the latest security updates and bug fixes.


What is the best way to monitor PHP-FPM performance with NGINX?

The best way to monitor PHP-FPM performance with NGINX is to use a combination of tools such as NGINX logging, PHP-FPM status page, and monitoring tools like New Relic, Datadog, or Prometheus.

  1. Enable logging in NGINX to track PHP-FPM performance metrics. You can configure NGINX to log information about requests and responses, including the time taken to process each request and the status codes returned. This can give you insight into the overall performance of your PHP-FPM setup.
  2. Enable the PHP-FPM status page to monitor the status and performance of PHP-FPM processes. This page provides real-time information about the number of active processes, requests being processed, and other relevant metrics. You can enable the status page by configuring the pm.status_path directive in the PHP-FPM configuration file.
  3. Use monitoring tools like New Relic, Datadog, or Prometheus to get more detailed insights into the performance of your PHP-FPM setup. These tools can provide real-time monitoring, alerting, and visualization of key metrics such as request throughput, response times, error rates, and resource utilization. They can help you identify performance bottlenecks, troubleshoot issues, and optimize your PHP-FPM configuration for better performance.


Overall, by combining NGINX logging, PHP-FPM status page, and monitoring tools, you can effectively monitor and optimize the performance of your PHP-FPM setup with NGINX.

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