How to Add ".Html" to WordPress Urls In Nginx?

13 minutes read

To add ".html" to WordPress urls in nginx, you can follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your server using SSH or any equivalent method.
  2. Locate and edit the Nginx configuration file for your WordPress site. The configuration file might be named "nginx.conf" or located at "/etc/nginx/nginx.conf" or "/etc/nginx/conf.d/wordpress.conf".
  3. Inside the configuration file, find the section where the server block for your WordPress site is defined. It typically looks like: server { listen 80; server_name example.com; root /var/www/html; index index.php index.html index.htm; ... }
  4. Within the server block, add the following location block to handle the WordPress permalink structure: location / { try_files $uri $uri.html $uri/ /index.php?$args; } This configuration allows Nginx to attempt serving the requested pages with ".html" appended, and if it fails, it serves the WordPress pages normally.
  5. Save the configuration file and exit the editor.
  6. Restart Nginx for the changes to take effect, using the command: sudo service nginx restart or sudo systemctl restart nginx.


Note: Ensure that you have the necessary rewrite rules in your WordPress configuration (usually found in the .htaccess file) to remove the ".html" extension from the generated links.

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What is the purpose of adding ".html" to WordPress URLs?

The purpose of adding ".html" to WordPress URLs is to create static HTML file extensions for the URLs. By default, WordPress uses dynamic URLs that are built on the fly and do not include any file extensions. However, some users prefer to have file extensions in their URLs for various reasons.


Adding ".html" to URLs can make the website feel more like a static HTML website, which may be useful for SEO purposes or to match the URL structure of an existing website. It can also be helpful in displaying the file type to users, giving them an idea that they are accessing a static HTML page.


However, it's important to note that WordPress is built around dynamic content management, and using static HTML extensions can sometimes cause conflicts or issues with certain plugins, themes, or functionality. Therefore, it's recommended to thoroughly test and consider the necessary modifications before adding ".html" to WordPress URLs.


What is the recommended way to add .html extension to WordPress URLs?

The recommended way to add .html extension to WordPress URLs is by using a plugin called "Simple URLs". This plugin allows you to create custom URL slugs or permalinks with the .html extension.


Here's how you can do it:

  1. Install and activate the "Simple URLs" plugin from the WordPress plugin repository.
  2. After activating the plugin, go to "Settings" and then "Permalinks" in your WordPress admin area.
  3. Scroll down to the section labeled "Optional" and check the box that says "Add .html to the end of URLs."
  4. Save the changes.


With this plugin configured, all your WordPress URLs will have the .html extension appended to them. For example, if your original URL was "example.com/my-page", it will now become "example.com/my-page.html" after enabling this plugin.


Remember to test your website thoroughly after making any changes to ensure that everything is working as expected.


How to remove the .html extension from WordPress URLs in nginx?

To remove the .html extension from WordPress URLs in nginx, you can follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your server using SSH or a terminal.
  2. Open the nginx configuration file for your WordPress site. Typically, this file is located at /etc/nginx/sites-available/your-site.conf.
  3. Inside the server block, locate the location / directive. Add the following lines within that block:
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location / {
    try_files $uri $uri/ $uri.html $uri/ =404;
    rewrite ^(/.*)\.html(\?.*)?$ $1$2 permanent;
}


  1. Save the changes and exit the file.
  2. Test the configuration to ensure there are no syntax errors:
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sudo nginx -t


  1. If the configuration test passes, reload Nginx for the changes to take effect:
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sudo systemctl reload nginx


With these steps, Nginx will now handle URLs without the .html extension, and requests for URLs with the .html extension will be permanently redirected to the extension-less URL.

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What are the benefits of using nginx over other web servers for WordPress?

There are several benefits of using NGINX over other web servers for WordPress:

  1. Performance and Speed: NGINX is known for its high performance and efficient resource utilization. It can handle a large number of concurrent connections with low memory footprint. This makes NGINX faster in serving static content, handling high traffic loads, and improving the overall speed of WordPress websites.
  2. Caching capabilities: NGINX has built-in caching capabilities that can significantly improve the performance of WordPress websites. It can cache both static and dynamic content, reducing the load on the backend servers and improving response times for repeated requests.
  3. Load balancing: NGINX offers advanced load balancing features that distribute traffic across multiple servers, ensuring optimal resource utilization and high availability. This is particularly beneficial for websites with heavy traffic as it helps prevent server overload and maintains website performance.
  4. Reverse proxy: NGINX can act as a reverse proxy server, which allows it to handle requests on behalf of backend servers. This can help improve security by keeping the application servers hidden and protected from direct external access.
  5. URL rewriting and redirection: NGINX has powerful URL rewriting capabilities, allowing users to easily customize and redirect URLs. This enables better SEO optimization, user-friendly URLs, and efficient handling of website migrations.
  6. Scalability and flexibility: NGINX is highly scalable and can handle a large number of concurrent connections and requests. It also offers flexibility in terms of configuration options, making it easier to optimize and customize the server setup for WordPress environments.
  7. SSL/TLS termination: NGINX can handle SSL/TLS termination, offloading the SSL encryption processing from backend servers. This helps improve performance and reduces the load on WordPress servers.


Overall, NGINX provides better performance, scalability, and flexibility for WordPress websites, and its advanced features make it an ideal choice for handling high traffic loads and optimizing website performance.


How to edit the nginx configuration file for WordPress URL customization?

To edit the nginx configuration file for WordPress URL customization, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your server via SSH or open the terminal.
  2. Navigate to the Nginx configuration directory. The exact location may vary, but commonly it can be found in /etc/nginx/ or /etc/nginx/conf.d/.
  3. Locate the configuration file for your website. The main configuration file is typically named nginx.conf, or there may be separate files for each website in the conf.d/ directory.
  4. Open the configuration file using a text editor. For example, you can use the nano editor with the following command:
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sudo nano /etc/nginx/nginx.conf


  1. Inside the file, locate the server block that corresponds to your domain or website. It usually begins with server { and ends with }.
  2. Within the server block, look for a location block that handles PHP requests. By default, it is usually defined as location ~ .php$ {}. If it doesn't exist, add the following code inside the server block:
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location ~ \.php$ {
    include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
    fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/phpX.X-fpm.sock;
}


Replace phpX.X-fpm.sock with the correct PHP-FPM socket for your server. You may need to check the php-fpm configuration to find the correct path.

  1. After the location ~ .php$ {} block (or the newly added block), add the following rewrite rules that handle WordPress URLs:
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location / {
    try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;
}


These rules enable WordPress to handle custom permalinks and provide pretty URL structure.

  1. Save the changes and exit the editor. In nano, you can press Ctrl + X, then Y to save, and Enter to exit.
  2. Restart Nginx to apply the changes:
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sudo service nginx restart


After editing the Nginx configuration file, your WordPress website should now be able to handle the custom URLs you have defined in the WordPress admin settings.


Note: It is always a good practice to create a backup of the Nginx configuration file before making any changes to avoid any potential issues.

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