How to Set Up Routes In CodeIgniter?

9 minutes read

To set up routes in CodeIgniter, you can follow these steps:


Firstly, open the application/config/routes.php file.


Inside this file, you will find an array called $route. You can define your custom routes within this array.


To set a new route, you need to use the following syntax:

1
$route['desired-url'] = 'controller-name/method-name';


Here, 'desired-url' represents the URL you want to set up, and 'controller-name/method-name' represents the corresponding controller and method you want to map to that URL.


For example:

1
$route['about'] = 'pages/show_about';


In this case, when a user visits the URL example.com/about, CodeIgniter will invoke the show_about method of the pages controller.


You can also set dynamic routes using placeholders. For example:

1
$route['(:num)'] = 'pages/show/$1';


In this case, when a user visits any URL made up of only numbers like example.com/1234, CodeIgniter will invoke the show method of the pages controller and pass the number as a parameter.


Additionally, you can use regular expressions for more complex routing. For example:

1
$route['blog/(:any)'] = 'blog/posts/$1';


In this case, when a user visits a URL like example.com/blog/your-post-title, CodeIgniter will invoke the posts method of the blog controller and pass 'your-post-title' as the parameter.


You can set up multiple routes by adding more entries to the $route array.


Lastly, make sure to save the routes.php file after setting up your desired routes. CodeIgniter will then use these routes to determine how URLs should be mapped to controllers and methods.

Best CodeIgniter Books to Read in 2024

1
Codeigniter 2 Cookbook

Rating is 5 out of 5

Codeigniter 2 Cookbook

2
CodeIgniter 4 Foundations

Rating is 4.8 out of 5

CodeIgniter 4 Foundations

3
Learn all about CodeIgniter - the PHP framework

Rating is 4.7 out of 5

Learn all about CodeIgniter - the PHP framework

4
CodeIgniter 4 Cookbook: Rapid Web Development with PHP 7 and CodeIgniter 4

Rating is 4.6 out of 5

CodeIgniter 4 Cookbook: Rapid Web Development with PHP 7 and CodeIgniter 4


How to redirect a route to a different controller in CodeIgniter?

In CodeIgniter, you can redirect a route to a different controller by modifying the routes configuration file and using the route function.


Here are the steps to redirect a route to a different controller:

  1. Open the application/config/routes.php file.
  2. In the $route array, add a new key-value pair where the key is the original route and the value is the controller and method you want to redirect to. For example, if you want to redirect the example/route to the new_controller/new_method, add the following line: $route['example/route'] = 'new_controller/new_method'; This will redirect any request to /example/route to the new_controller using the new_method method.
  3. Save the changes to the routes.php file.


After applying these changes, when a request is made to /example/route, it will be redirected to the new_controller/new_method.


What is the order of precedence in CodeIgniter routes?

The order of precedence in CodeIgniter routes is as follows:

  1. Custom Routes: The routes defined in application/config/routes.php file take the highest precedence. These routes allow you to define custom URL patterns and map them to specific controller methods.
  2. Default Routes: CodeIgniter provides some default routes for typical requests. These include routes for the default controller, class, and method. The default route is defined in application/config/routes.php and can be modified as per the project's requirements.
  3. Reserved Routes: CodeIgniter has some reserved routes that are used for internal functionalities. These routes are handled by CodeIgniter itself and should not be modified or overridden.
  4. Wildcard Routes: CodeIgniter allows defining wildcard routes using the (:any) and (:num) segments. These routes match any value for the respective segment and can be used to create dynamic routes.
  5. Auto-routed Controllers: CodeIgniter provides automatic routing based on the URL structure. By default, CodeIgniter maps URLs to controller classes and methods based on the following pattern: example.com/class/method/parameters.


In summary, the order of precedence in CodeIgniter routes is from top to bottom: Custom Routes, Default Routes, Reserved Routes, Wildcard Routes, and Auto-routed Controllers.


How to set up a route to handle HTTP redirects in CodeIgniter?

To set up a route to handle HTTP redirects in CodeIgniter, you can follow these steps:

  1. Open the routes.php file located in the application/config directory.
  2. Add the following line to define a new route for handling redirects: $route['redirect/(:any)'] = 'RedirectController/index/$1'; Here, 'redirect/(:any)' is the URL pattern that you want to route, and 'RedirectController/index/$1' is the corresponding controller and method that will handle the redirect. The $1 represents the wildcard segment of the URL that will be passed as an argument to the index method of the RedirectController.
  3. Create a new file called RedirectController.php in the application/controllers directory.
  4. Open the RedirectController.php file and define the index method to handle the redirect:
  5. Save the RedirectController.php file.


Now, whenever a request is made to the URL pattern redirect/(:any), it will be routed to the index method of the RedirectController which will perform the redirect to the specified URL.


How to pass parameters to a controller method through a route in CodeIgniter?

To pass parameters to a controller method through a route in CodeIgniter, you can use either the query string method or the URI segment method. Here's how to do it for each method:

  1. Query String method:
  • In your routes.php file located in the config folder, add a route that includes a placeholder for the parameter you want to pass. For example, if you want to pass a parameter called "id" to a method called "view" in a controller called "Product" in your default route, the route would look like this:
1
$route['product/view/(:any)'] = 'product/view/$1';


  • In your controller method, you can access the passed parameter using the $this->uri->segment() method. In this case, the parameter "id" will be accessible as the first segment (segment 1) in the URI. For example:
1
2
3
public function view($id) {
    echo $id; // will output the passed "id" parameter
}


  • You can then access the route by passing the parameter in the query string. For example:
1
http://yourdomain.com/product/view/123


In this example, "123" will be passed as the "id" parameter to the "view" method in the "Product" controller.

  1. URI Segment method:
  • In your routes.php file, add a route that includes a wildcard placeholder for the parameter you want to pass. For example:
1
$route['product/view/(:any)'] = 'product/view/$1';


  • In your controller method, you can access the passed parameter using the $this->input->get() method. In this case, the parameter "id" will be accessible as the first segment (segment 3) in the URI. For example:
1
2
3
4
public function view() {
    $id = $this->uri->segment(3); // get the third segment from the URI
    echo $id; // will output the passed "id" parameter
}


  • You can then access the route by passing the parameter as a URI segment. For example:
1
http://yourdomain.com/product/view/123


In this example, "123" will be passed as the "id" parameter to the "view" method in the "Product" controller.


How to specify a URL pattern for a route in CodeIgniter?

In CodeIgniter, you can specify a URL pattern for a route by using the routes.php file located in the config directory.


To specify a URL pattern, you need to follow these steps:

  1. Open the routes.php file located at application/config/routes.php.
  2. Within the routes.php file, you will see an array called $route. This array contains the routes for your application.
  3. To specify a URL pattern, you can use the ($route['pattern'] = 'destination') syntax. Replace pattern with the desired URL pattern and destination with the corresponding controller and method that should handle the request. For example, if you want to specify a URL pattern for a page that shows a user's profile, you can use the following line of code: $route['profile/(:any)'] = 'users/view_profile/$1'; In the above code, profile is the URL pattern, users is the controller, view_profile is the method within the controller, and $1 is a wildcard that captures any value and passes it as a parameter to the method.
  4. You can also use regular expressions in the URL pattern to specify more complex matching patterns. For example, you can use (:num) to match only numeric values or (:any) to match any value. $route['users/(:num)'] = 'users/view/$1'; In the above code, users/(:num) will match URLs like users/123, where 123 is a numeric value that will be passed as a parameter to the view method in the users controller.
  5. Save the routes.php file after specifying your desired URL patterns.


By defining URL patterns in the routes.php file, you can customize the URLs of your application and map them to specific controllers and methods.

Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Telegram Whatsapp Pocket

Related Posts:

In Laravel, routes act as an interface between the user and the application. They define the URL structure and determine how the application responds to different HTTP requests. To define routes in Laravel, you can follow these steps:Routes are typically defin...
To install CodeIgniter on your local development environment, you can follow these steps:Download CodeIgniter: Start by navigating to the official CodeIgniter website (https://codeigniter.com/) and download the latest stable version of the framework. Extract t...
To configure SparkPost SMTP in CodeIgniter, you can follow these steps:Install CodeIgniter: Download and install the CodeIgniter framework in your local development environment. Obtain SparkPost SMTP credentials: Sign up for a SparkPost account and retrieve th...