Tutorial: Run Laravel on DigitalOcean?

12 minutes read

To run Laravel on DigitalOcean, you need to follow several steps. Here is a brief overview of the process:

  1. Create a Droplet: Start by creating a Droplet on DigitalOcean. A Droplet is a virtual machine that will host your Laravel application.
  2. Configure Droplet: Choose the appropriate server settings like the region, size, and additional features. You can select the PHP version and add SSH keys for secure access to the Droplet.
  3. Connect to Droplet: Once the Droplet is created, you can connect to it via SSH using a terminal or SSH client.
  4. Update System Packages: Update the system packages and install any required software or packages to run Laravel, like PHP, MySQL, or Nginx.
  5. Install Composer: Composer is a dependency management tool for PHP. Install it on the Droplet, which allows you to easily manage Laravel's libraries and dependencies.
  6. Create a Laravel Project: Use Composer to create a new Laravel project. This will set up the basic structure and files required for your application.
  7. Configure Environment: Set up the environment variables for your Laravel application. These include database connection details, cache settings, and application-specific configurations.
  8. Configure Web Server: Set up the web server (like Nginx or Apache) to point to your Laravel application's public directory. This allows the server to serve your application correctly.
  9. Test Deployment: Once everything is set up, you can test the deployment by accessing your Droplet's IP address in the web browser. If everything is configured correctly, you will see the default Laravel welcome page.
  10. Additional Configuration: Depending on your application's requirements, you may need to set up additional features like SSL certificates, domain names, or load balancers.

Remember, this is just a brief overview, and each step may have further detailed instructions. Make sure to follow a comprehensive tutorial or guide for a complete walkthrough of setting up Laravel on DigitalOcean.

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How to create a new database for Laravel on DigitalOcean?

To create a new database for Laravel on DigitalOcean, you can follow these steps:

  1. Sign in to your DigitalOcean account and navigate to the "Databases" section.
  2. Click on the "Create Database" button.
  3. Choose your preferred database engine. Laravel supports both MySQL and PostgreSQL, so you can select the option that best suits your project.
  4. Select the size and region for your database. Consider the requirements of your application and choose the appropriate size and region.
  5. Provide a name for your database. It is recommended to use a descriptive and easily recognizable name.
  6. Set up the connection details, including the username and password for the database. Make note of these credentials as you will need them to configure Laravel's database connection.
  7. Select the Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) network where your Droplets are located, or choose to create a new VPC.
  8. Review the configuration options and click on the "Create Database" button to proceed.

Once the database is created, you will be provided with the necessary details to connect to it, such as the host, port, username, and password. You can then configure Laravel to use this database by updating the DB_DATABASE, DB_USERNAME, DB_PASSWORD, DB_HOST, and DB_PORT values in the .env file of your Laravel application.

That's it! You have successfully created a new database for Laravel on DigitalOcean.

How to create a new Droplet on DigitalOcean for Laravel?

To create a new Droplet on DigitalOcean for Laravel, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your DigitalOcean account. If you don't have an account, you can create one for free.
  2. After logging in, click on the "Create" button in the top right corner, and then select "Droplets" from the dropdown menu.
  3. On the Droplet creation page, choose your desired configuration for the Droplet. You can select the operating system, size, region, and additional options.
  4. Under "Choose a distribution", select a Linux distribution like Ubuntu or CentOS.
  5. Under "Choose a plan", select a plan that fulfills your requirements. For Laravel, a basic plan should be sufficient to start with.
  6. Under "Choose a datacenter region", select a region that is geographically closest to your target audience or where you want to host your application.
  7. In the "Select additional options" section, you can choose options like backups, monitoring, and user data if required.
  8. Under "Add your SSH keys" section, you can add your SSH keys for secure access to the Droplet. If you don't have SSH keys, you can generate them using ssh-keygen.
  9. Enter a hostname for your Droplet. You can choose any name that helps you identify the Droplet.
  10. Click on the "Create Droplet" button to create the Droplet.
  11. Wait for a few moments while DigitalOcean provisions and sets up the Droplet. You can monitor the progress on the Droplets page.
  12. Once the Droplet is created, you will receive an email with the Droplet's IP address and root password.
  13. Connect to your Droplet using SSH. For example, if you are using macOS or Linux, open Terminal and run the following command:
ssh root@your_droplet_ip_address

If you are using Windows, you can use software like PuTTY or an SSH client like Git Bash.

  1. Once connected, you can follow the steps to install and configure Laravel on your Droplet. Make sure you have the necessary dependencies like PHP, Composer, and a database engine (e.g., MySQL) installed.

That's it! You have created a new Droplet on DigitalOcean for Laravel and can now start deploying your application.

How to generate a key for Laravel on DigitalOcean?

To generate a key for Laravel on DigitalOcean, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your DigitalOcean account and navigate to the Droplets page.
  2. Create a new Droplet by clicking on the "Create" button.
  3. Select a Droplet image, size, and region that suits your requirements, and then click on "Create Droplet."
  4. Once the Droplet is created, you will receive an email with the root password. Use an SSH client, such as PuTTY, to connect to your Droplet via SSH.
  5. Once connected to your Droplet, run the following commands to generate a key for Laravel: cd /var/www/html php artisan key:generate
  6. The above command will generate a key for your Laravel application and store it in the .env file located in the root directory of your Laravel project.
  7. You can view the generated key by opening the .env file with a text editor using the following command: nano .env Look for the line that starts with APP_KEY= to find your generated key.

Generating a key for Laravel is necessary for secure sessions and other encrypted data used by the framework.

How to deploy a Laravel project on a DigitalOcean Droplet?

To deploy a Laravel project on a DigitalOcean Droplet, follow these steps:

  1. Create a Droplet: Log in to your DigitalOcean account and create a new Droplet. Choose a size and location for your Droplet. Select a Linux distribution (e.g., Ubuntu). Add any additional settings you may need (e.g., SSH keys).
  2. SSH into your Droplet: From your local machine, open a terminal or command prompt. Use the following command to SSH into your Droplet: ssh root@your_droplet_ip_address Replace your_droplet_ip_address with the actual IP address of your Droplet. Enter your Droplet's root password when prompted.
  3. Set up the Droplet: Update the system packages by running the following commands: apt update apt upgrade Install necessary dependencies by running the following commands: apt install git nginx mysql-server php7.4-fpm php7.4-mysql composer Configure MySQL by running the following command: mysql_secure_installation Follow the prompts to set a root password and secure your MySQL installation.
  4. Set up Nginx: Create a new server block configuration file for your Laravel project by running the following command: nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/your_domain Replace your_domain with your actual domain name or IP address. Edit the file to include the following configuration: server { listen 80; server_name your_domain; root /var/www/your_domain/public; location / { try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string; } location ~ \.php$ { include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf; fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock; } location ~ /\.ht { deny all; } } Save and close the file by pressing Ctrl+X, followed by Y, and then press Enter. Enable the new server block by creating a symbolic link: ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/your_domain /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/ Remove the default Nginx server block: rm /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default Restart Nginx to apply the changes: service nginx restart
  5. Set up MySQL: Log in to MySQL as the root user by running the following command: mysql -u root -p Enter your MySQL root password when prompted. Create a new database for your Laravel project: CREATE DATABASE your_database_name; Create a new MySQL user and grant it privileges on the database: CREATE USER 'your_username'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your_password'; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON your_database_name.* TO 'your_username'@'localhost'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES; Exit the MySQL prompt by running the following command: exit;
  6. Clone your Laravel project: Change to the Nginx web root directory: cd /var/www/your_domain Clone your Laravel project from a repository (e.g., GitHub): git clone your_project_repository_url . Install project dependencies using Composer: composer install --no-dev
  7. Configure Laravel: Copy the .env.example file to .env: cp .env.example .env Edit the .env file and set the database connection details: nano .env Modify the following values: DB_DATABASE=your_database_name DB_USERNAME=your_username DB_PASSWORD=your_password Save and close the file by pressing Ctrl+X, followed by Y, and then press Enter. Generate a new application key: php artisan key:generate
  8. Set up file permissions: Change ownership of the Laravel project files: chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/your_domain Allow write access to the storage directory: chmod -R 775 /var/www/your_domain/storage Allow write access to the bootstrap cache directory: chmod -R 775 /var/www/your_domain/bootstrap/cache
  9. Restart the services: Restart Nginx: service nginx restart Restart PHP-FPM: service php7.4-fpm restart
  10. Access your Laravel project: Open a web browser and navigate to your Droplet's IP address or domain name. You should now see your Laravel project running.

Note: This guide assumes you have already configured your domain to point to your DigitalOcean Droplet's IP address.

How to configure email sending for Laravel on DigitalOcean?

To configure email sending for Laravel on DigitalOcean, you need to follow these steps:

  1. Set up an email provider: You have two options here - using a transactional email service like SendGrid or using a SMTP server. If you choose SendGrid, you can create an account on their website and obtain an API key. For SMTP, you need to have access to an SMTP server with the necessary credentials (such as hostname, port, username, password).
  2. Update the .env file: Open the .env file in your Laravel project and update the following variables: MAIL_MAILER: Set this to either 'smtp' for SMTP configuration or 'sendgrid' for SendGrid configuration. MAIL_HOST: If you are using SMTP, set this to the hostname of your SMTP server. If you are using SendGrid, set this to 'smtp.sendgrid.net'. MAIL_PORT: Set this to the port number of your SMTP server. For example, if you are using Gmail's SMTP server, set this to 587. MAIL_USERNAME: If you are using SMTP, set this to the username of your SMTP server. If you are using SendGrid, set this to 'apikey'. MAIL_PASSWORD: If you are using SMTP, set this to the password of your SMTP server. If you are using SendGrid, set this to your API key. MAIL_ENCRYPTION: If you are using SMTP, set this to the encryption method used by your SMTP server (e.g., 'tls' for Gmail). If you are using SendGrid, leave this empty. MAIL_FROM_ADDRESS: Set this to the email address you want to use as the "from" address for sent emails. MAIL_FROM_NAME: Set this to the name you want to use as the "from" name for sent emails.
  3. Clear the cache: Run the following command in your terminal to clear the configuration cache:
php artisan config:cache

  1. Test email sending: You can now test if email sending is working by creating a new route or controller method that sends a test email. For example, you can use the Mail facade to send an email:
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Mail;
use App\Mail\TestMail;

Route::get('/send-test-email', function () {
    Mail::to('recipient@example.com')->send(new TestMail());
    return 'Test email sent!';

Make sure to create a TestMail class that extends Illuminate\Mail\Mailable, and customize its build method to define the email content.

That's it! Your Laravel application should now be configured to send emails on DigitalOcean.

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