How to Import Variable Products In WooCommerce?

14 minutes read

Importing variable products in WooCommerce allows you to quickly add multiple variations of a product to your online store. To import variable products, follow these steps:

  1. Prepare your data: First, gather all the necessary data for your variable products. This includes the product's title, SKU, price, stock status, attributes (such as color or size), and variations (with their respective prices, SKUs, and stock quantities).
  2. Export a sample file: In your WooCommerce store, go to the Products page and click on "Import" at the top. Select the "Export" tab, choose the product types you want to export (in this case, variable products), and click on the "Generate CSV" button. Save the file as a sample for reference.
  3. Format the CSV file: Open the sample CSV in a spreadsheet program and fill in the necessary data for your variable products. Each variation will have its own row, while common data for all variations remains in the product's main row. Ensure that the data is properly organized and follow the necessary formatting rules.
  4. Save and upload the CSV file: Save your completed CSV file in the correct format (usually CSV or UTF-8 encoding). On the WooCommerce Products page, click on "Import" again and switch to the "Import" tab this time. Choose your file, select the product type as "Variable Products", and click on the "Upload file and import" button.
  5. Map fields and import data: On the next screen, WooCommerce will try to match the columns in your CSV to the appropriate product fields automatically. Review the column mappings and manually adjust them if needed. Once you're satisfied, click on the "Run the importer" button to begin the import process.
  6. Verify and update variations: After the import, WooCommerce will display a summary of the imported products and any errors encountered. Review the results to ensure everything imported correctly. If there are errors, check the CSV file and repeat the import process with corrections. If successful, your variable products and their variations should now be available in your store.


Importing variable products in WooCommerce can save you considerable time when creating and managing a large inventory. Just make sure to double-check your data and take note of any error messages during the import process for smoother management of your online store.

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Can you import variable products with different taxonomies or categories?

Yes, variable products in WooCommerce can have different taxonomies or categories. Each variation within a variable product can have its own unique taxonomy or category assigned to it. This allows for greater flexibility in organizing and classifying your products based on their attributes or variations.


Can you import variable products with different prices for different currencies?

Yes, it is possible to import variable products with different prices for different currencies in certain e-commerce platforms or with the help of specific plugins or extensions. For example, in WooCommerce (a popular WordPress plugin for e-commerce), you can use plugins like "WooCommerce Currency Switcher" or "WPML" to manage different pricing for different currencies. These plugins allow you to set up multiple currencies and define different prices for products in each currency.


Additionally, some e-commerce platforms might have built-in functionality to handle multiple currencies and variable pricing. It is recommended to explore the specific features and capabilities of the platform or plugin you are using to effectively manage variable products with different prices for different currencies.


What happens if there are duplicate variations or attribute values during import?

If there are duplicate variations or attribute values during import, it can lead to several consequences depending on the system or software being used. These consequences may include:

  1. Overwriting: Some systems may automatically overwrite existing variations or attribute values with the newly imported duplicates. This can result in loss of original data or changes to existing records.
  2. Ignoring or Skipping: In certain cases, the system may ignore or skip the duplicate variations or attribute values during the import process. This means that the duplicates will not be imported, preserving the original data.
  3. Error or Warning Messages: The import process may generate error or warning messages when encountering duplicate variations or attribute values. These messages can help administrators or users identify and resolve the issue before proceeding.
  4. Merging or Consolidation: Some systems may have built-in features to handle duplicates by merging or consolidating them. In this case, the system may combine the duplicate variations or attribute values into a single record, eliminating the duplications.


It is important to carefully review the import settings and guidelines provided by the system or software to understand how duplicates are handled during the import process. Taking necessary precautions, such as deduplication of data before importing, can help avoid potential conflicts or data integrity issues.

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Can you import unique SKUs for each variation of a variable product?

Yes, you can import unique SKUs for each variation of a variable product in most e-commerce platforms or product management systems. When importing variable products, you can provide a unique SKU for each variation by setting up your import file with the necessary data fields, such as SKU, variation attributes, and pricing information. This allows you to differentiate and track each variation individually based on their unique SKUs.


Are there any specific columns required for importing variable products?

Yes, there are specific columns required for importing variable products in WooCommerce. The most essential columns include:

  1. ID: A unique identifier for the product.
  2. Type: Should be set as "variable" for variable products.
  3. Name: The name of the product.
  4. SKU: The Stock Keeping Unit of the product.
  5. Attribute 1 Name: The name of the first variation attribute (e.g., size).
  6. Attribute 1 Value(s): The values of the first variation attribute (e.g., small, medium, large).
  7. Attribute 2 Name: The name of the second variation attribute (optional).
  8. Attribute 2 Value(s): The values of the second variation attribute (optional).
  9. Price: The base price of the product.
  10. Stock: The stock availability of the product.
  11. Parent ID: The ID of the main variable product (if it is a variation).
  12. Variation Description: Description specific to the variation.
  13. Variation SKU: The Stock Keeping Unit specific to the variation.
  14. Variation Price: The price specific to the variation.


These are some of the key columns required for importing variable products. Depending on your specific needs, there may be additional columns or specific formatting requirements for the import file.


Are there any limitations or restrictions when importing variable products in WooCommerce?

Yes, there are some limitations and restrictions when importing variable products in WooCommerce. Here are a few examples:

  1. CSV format: The product import feature in WooCommerce typically requires the use of CSV files. You need to ensure the CSV file you are using is properly formatted and contains all the necessary information for importing variable products.
  2. Unique SKU: Each variation within a variable product requires a unique SKU (stock-keeping unit). You cannot have duplicate SKUs within a single variable product.
  3. Attributes and variations: When importing variable products, you need to define the attributes and variations in advance. These include attributes like color, size, etc., and their respective values. Missing or incorrect attribute and variation information can lead to errors during the import process.
  4. Image handling: If your variable products have different images for each variation, you need to ensure that the image URLs are correctly assigned to their respective variations in the import file. This can sometimes be a complex task if there are a large number of variations.
  5. Stock management: WooCommerce provides options to manage stock for variable products. When importing variable products, you need to ensure that you properly set the stock values for each variation, including stock quantity and stock status.
  6. Plugin compatibility: If you are using any third-party plugins or extensions that modify the functionality of variable products in WooCommerce, it's important to ensure that these plugins are compatible with the import process. Some plugins may require additional settings or configurations for importing variable products.


These are just a few examples of the limitations and restrictions you may encounter when importing variable products in WooCommerce. It's always recommended to thoroughly test the import process and verify the results to ensure accurate and successful imports.


Is there a maximum number of variations that can be imported for a single variable product?

Yes, there is a maximum number of variations that can be imported for a single variable product in some e-commerce platforms. The maximum number of variations can vary depending on the platform being used. For example, in WooCommerce, which is a popular WordPress plugin for e-commerce, the maximum number of variations that can be imported for a single variable product is 50,000. However, it is advisable to check the specific system requirements and limitations of the e-commerce platform being used to determine the exact maximum number of variations that can be imported.


What is WooCommerce?

WooCommerce is an open-source e-commerce platform built for WordPress websites. It is a plugin that integrates seamlessly with WordPress, allowing users to easily set up and manage an online store on their website. WooCommerce offers various features and customization options, allowing businesses to sell physical or digital products, manage inventory, process payments, handle shipping, and provide customer support. It also provides various extensions and themes to enhance the functionality and appearance of online stores.


What file format should be used for importing variable products?

The recommended file format for importing variable products is CSV (Comma-Separated Values) or XML (eXtensible Markup Language). Both file formats allow for easy importing and mapping of product attributes and variations.

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