How to Deploy A Gatsby Site to A WordPress Sub-Directory?

19 minutes read

To deploy a Gatsby site to a WordPress sub-directory, follow these steps:

  1. Build your Gatsby site: Use the Gatsby CLI to generate a production-ready version of your site. Run the gatsby build command in your project's root directory. This will create a public folder containing the built site.
  2. Connect to your WordPress site: Log in to your WordPress admin dashboard and navigate to the theme editor. Open the header.php file of your active theme and add the following code just below the tag:
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<link rel="stylesheet" href="/path-to-your-gatsby-site/public/styles.css">
<script src="/path-to-your-gatsby-site/public/client.js" defer></script>


Replace /path-to-your-gatsby-site/ with the relative path to your Gatsby site within your WordPress installation.

  1. Copy the built Gatsby site to the WordPress sub-directory: Copy the contents of your Gatsby site's public folder and paste them into a sub-directory within your WordPress installation. For example, create a new directory called gatsby within the root directory of your WordPress installation and paste the contents there.
  2. Configure your Gatsby site as a sub-directory in WordPress: In the main WordPress .htaccess file, add the following rewrite rules just before the WordPress rewrite rules:
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<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /path-to-your-gatsby-site/
RewriteRule ^index\.html$ /path-to-your-gatsby-site/index.html [L]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule . /path-to-your-gatsby-site/index.html [L]
</IfModule>


Replace /path-to-your-gatsby-site/ with the relative path to your Gatsby site within your WordPress installation.

  1. Verify the deployment: Access the Gatsby site by visiting the sub-directory URL on your WordPress site. For example, if your WordPress site is example.com and your Gatsby sub-directory is gatsby, the URL will be example.com/gatsby. Ensure that the site loads correctly and all functionalities work as expected.


That's it! You have successfully deployed your Gatsby site to a WordPress sub-directory.

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How do I handle form submissions within a Gatsby site deployed to a WordPress sub-directory?

To handle form submissions within a Gatsby site deployed to a WordPress sub-directory, you will need to set up an API endpoint that receives the form data and handles it appropriately. Here's a step-by-step guide:

  1. Create an API endpoint: Within your Gatsby site, create a new serverless function or an API endpoint using a framework like Express.js. This endpoint should be responsible for receiving form data, processing it, and sending it to the WordPress site for storage.
  2. Install the required dependencies: Depending on the framework you are using, install the necessary packages. For example, if you are using Express.js, you can use body-parser to parse form data and axios to interact with the WordPress site.
  3. Handle form submissions: In your API endpoint, use the necessary middleware (such as body-parser) to parse the form data received from the client. Validate and process the form data as needed. Use the axios library to send a POST request to the appropriate WordPress REST API endpoint to store the form data. Handle any response from the WordPress site to confirm the success or failure of the form submission.
  4. Connect the form to your API endpoint in Gatsby: In your Gatsby site, locate the form component that needs to submit data. Update the form's action attribute to point to your API endpoint URL. Use the appropriate method (POST, PUT, etc.) based on the configuration of your API endpoint. Ensure the form fields have the correct name attributes, matching the expected data structure on the server side.


That's it. Now, when a user submits the form on your Gatsby site, it will send a request to the API endpoint, which will then send the data to the WordPress site for storage.


What are the potential performance implications of deploying a Gatsby site to a WordPress sub-directory?

Deploying a Gatsby site to a WordPress sub-directory can have several potential performance implications:

  1. Additional Server Load: Hosting the Gatsby site in a sub-directory of WordPress means that both platforms (WordPress and Gatsby) will need to be served from the same server. This can increase the server load, especially if the WordPress site already has high traffic or resource-intensive plugins.
  2. Combined Asset Size: While Gatsby sites are typically optimized for performance, combining it with a WordPress installation can increase the overall size of assets served to the users. This may lead to slower page load times if not properly optimized.
  3. Caching Challenges: Integrating Gatsby into a WordPress sub-directory may introduce challenges in terms of caching. WordPress has its own caching mechanisms, and caching a hybrid WordPress-Gatsby site may require more intricate configurations to ensure efficient content delivery.
  4. Content Synchronization: Depending on the setup, keeping the content between Gatsby and WordPress in sync can also impact performance. If the content creation/editing process in WordPress is not properly streamlined and automated, delays and inconsistencies may occur, leading to outdated or slow-loading content on the Gatsby site.
  5. Search Engine Optimization (SEO): Deploying Gatsby in a sub-directory can affect SEO if not implemented correctly. Search engines may treat the Gatsby site as a separate entity, potentially resulting in lower search engine rankings or issues with duplicate content.


It is important to carefully consider these potential performance implications and optimize the setup accordingly, including proper caching, content synchronization, and SEO practices, to ensure a fast and seamless user experience.


How do I handle authentication and user management within a Gatsby site deployed to a WordPress sub-directory?

To handle authentication and user management within a Gatsby site deployed to a WordPress sub-directory, you can follow these steps:

  1. Set up WordPress: Install and set up WordPress in a sub-directory of your Gatsby site. This will act as the backend for managing user authentication and management.
  2. Enable user registration: In your WordPress dashboard, go to Settings -> General and make sure the "Anyone can register" option is checked. This will allow users to register and create accounts.
  3. Install authentication plugin: Install a WordPress plugin that provides user authentication functionality. Some popular options are "Simple Membership", "Ultimate Member", or "Members". These plugins provide features like user registration, login, and password reset.
  4. Configure authentication plugin: Depending on the plugin you choose, you may need to configure the login and registration settings. Set up the desired registration options, login forms, and any additional features you need.
  5. Customize the styling: If required, customize the look and feel of the registration and login forms to match your Gatsby site's design. You can usually achieve this by modifying the plugin's template files or using custom CSS.
  6. Integrate with Gatsby: In your Gatsby code, you can use GraphQL to fetch data from the WordPress installation. You can retrieve user-related data such as user profiles, login status, and roles using queries. Use the WordPress source plugin for Gatsby to connect to your WordPress site and fetch this data.
  7. Handle protected routes: If you have certain routes/pages in your Gatsby site that should only be accessible to authenticated users, you can implement protected routes. This can be done by checking the user's authentication status and redirecting them to a login page if they are not logged in.
  8. Sync user data: If you need to sync user data between WordPress and Gatsby or access additional user data from WordPress in your Gatsby site, you can use WordPress REST API endpoints or write custom functions that query WordPress data.


By following these steps, you should be able to handle authentication and user management within your Gatsby site deployed to a WordPress sub-directory effectively.

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How can I integrate Gatsby with WordPress in a sub-directory?

To integrate Gatsby with WordPress in a sub-directory, follow these steps:

  1. Set up a WordPress site: Install WordPress on your server or use a WordPress hosting provider. Make sure to set the WordPress site URL as the sub-directory where you want to integrate Gatsby (e.g., example.com/blog).
  2. Install and configure the WPGraphQL plugin: WPGraphQL is a WordPress plugin that enables GraphQL support, allowing Gatsby to fetch data from WordPress. Install and activate the WPGraphQL and WPGraphQL for Advanced Custom Fields plugins on your WordPress site.
  3. Set up a Gatsby project: Create a new Gatsby project using the Gatsby CLI by running gatsby new my-gatsby-site.
  4. Install required dependencies: Navigate to the Gatsby project folder (my-gatsby-site) and install the gatsby-source-graphql and @apollo/client packages by running npm install gatsby-source-graphql @apollo/client.
  5. Configure Gatsby to fetch WordPress data: Open the gatsby-config.js file in your Gatsby project and add the following code:
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module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    {
      resolve: 'gatsby-source-graphql',
      options: {
        typeName: 'WordPress',
        fieldName: 'wordpress',
        url: 'https://your-wordpress-site.com/graphql',
      },
    },
  ],
}


Replace 'https://your-wordpress-site.com/graphql' with the GraphQL endpoint URL of your WordPress site.

  1. Create Gatsby pages using WordPress data: Use the fetched WordPress data to create pages in Gatsby. You can use the createPages API in the gatsby-node.js file to dynamically create Gatsby pages from WordPress posts, categories, or any other data.
  2. Build and deploy your Gatsby site: Run gatsby build to generate a production build of your Gatsby site. Once built, you can deploy the site to a hosting provider of your choice.


By following these steps, you can integrate Gatsby with WordPress in a sub-directory and leverage the benefits of the static site generation provided by Gatsby while utilizing the dynamic content from WordPress.


What considerations should I keep in mind for ensuring proper security when deploying a Gatsby site to a WordPress sub-directory?

When deploying a Gatsby site to a WordPress sub-directory, there are several considerations you should keep in mind to ensure proper security:

  1. Secure WordPress: Make sure your WordPress installation is up to date, including themes and plugins. Use strong, unique passwords for all user accounts, and disable any unused plugins and themes to reduce the attack surface.
  2. Secure Gatsby: Apply similar security practices to your Gatsby site. Keep all dependencies up to date, use strong and unique developer credentials, and implement security best practices for the Gatsby codebase.
  3. Access controls: Restrict access to the WordPress admin area and Gatsby deployment. Limiting the number of users with administrative privileges minimizes the risks of unauthorized access or data breaches.
  4. SSL/TLS encryption: Ensure that your WordPress sub-directory and Gatsby site are served over HTTPS. SSL/TLS encryption protects the data transmitted between the user's browser and your server, preventing eavesdropping and data tampering.
  5. Firewall and intrusion detection: Implement a web application firewall (WAF) to protect against common attacks like SQL injections, cross-site scripting (XSS), and distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks. Consider using an intrusion detection system (IDS) to monitor and detect any suspicious activities on your server.
  6. Regular backups: Regularly backup both your WordPress site and Gatsby code. In case of a security breach or data loss, having backups ensures you can recover quickly and minimize downtime.
  7. Authentication and authorization: Implement strong authentication mechanisms for both your WordPress site and any additional Gatsby-specific functionality. Use secure authentication protocols like OAuth or JWT (JSON Web Tokens) and enforce appropriate access controls and permissions to restrict user actions.
  8. Monitoring and logging: Set up monitoring tools to keep an eye on your server's activities and log file changes. This helps you detect any potential security incidents and investigate them in a timely manner.
  9. Regular security audits: Conduct regular security audits to identify any vulnerabilities or misconfigurations. This can involve testing for common security issues, performing code reviews, and analyzing server logs.
  10. Educate users: Train your WordPress and Gatsby users on secure practices to mitigate the risks of common security threats like phishing, social engineering, and malware infections. Regularly remind users to follow best practices and report any suspicious activities.


Remember that security is an ongoing process, and these considerations should be regularly revisited and updated as new security threats emerge or technology changes.


How do I enable and configure a WordPress sub-directory for hosting a Gatsby website?

To enable and configure a WordPress sub-directory for hosting a Gatsby website, follow these steps:

  1. Install and set up WordPress: Set up WordPress in the root directory of your website. You can use a hosting provider that supports WordPress or install it locally using tools like XAMPP or MAMP.
  2. Install and set up the Gatsby site: Install Gatsby in a separate directory on your server or local machine. Initialize a new Gatsby site using the Gatsby CLI (gatsby new my-gatsby-site), add your desired content, and customize the site as needed.
  3. Configure directory structure: Move the contents of your Gatsby site's build directory to a sub-directory within your WordPress installation. For example, create a new directory called gatsby within your WordPress installation's root directory.
  4. Update the WordPress .htaccess file: In the WordPress root directory, locate the .htaccess file. If it doesn't exist, create a new one. Open the file and add the following code:
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# BEGIN WordPress
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^/gatsby/
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule . /gatsby/index.html [L]
</IfModule>
# END WordPress


This code tells Apache to check if the requested URL starts with /gatsby/. If it does, and the requested file or directory doesn't exist, it will serve the index.html file located in the /gatsby/ sub-directory.

  1. Update the Gatsby gatsby-config.js file: Open the gatsby-config.js file in the root of your Gatsby site directory. Find the pathPrefix option and update it to /gatsby:
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module.exports = {
  pathPrefix: "/gatsby",
  // ...
}


This will ensure that all the resources in your Gatsby site are properly served from the new sub-directory.

  1. Build the Gatsby site: Run the Gatsby build command (gatsby build) in the root of your Gatsby site directory. This will compile and create the static assets for your Gatsby site.
  2. Test your setup: Access your WordPress site using the URL http://yourdomain.com/gatsby/ (replace yourdomain.com with your actual domain name). You should see your Gatsby site running within the WordPress sub-directory.


That's it! You have successfully enabled and configured a WordPress sub-directory for hosting your Gatsby website.


How do I host a Gatsby site within a WordPress sub-directory?

To host a Gatsby site within a WordPress sub-directory, you generally need to follow these steps:

  1. Set up a WordPress site: Install WordPress on your server or a web hosting service and set it up as you normally would. Make sure the site is up and running.
  2. Install the Gatsby site: Build your Gatsby site locally using the Gatsby CLI by executing the command gatsby build. This generates a static version of your site in the public directory.
  3. Move Gatsby site to WordPress sub-directory: Copy the contents of the public directory into a sub-directory of your WordPress installation. For example, you can create a new directory called "gatsby" within the root directory of your WordPress installation and place the Gatsby files there.
  4. Modify the .htaccess file: Navigate to the root directory of your WordPress installation and locate the .htaccess file. Open it and add the following lines at the top:
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<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /gatsby/
RewriteRule ^index\.html$ - [L]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule . /gatsby/index.html [L]
</IfModule>


Replace "/gatsby/" with the actual sub-directory where you placed your Gatsby site.

  1. Confirm WordPress is not using the desired URL: If you want your Gatsby site to be accessible at www.example.com/gatsby/, ensure that WordPress is not already using that URL for any page or post. If necessary, navigate to "Settings" in your WordPress dashboard and update the "Site URL" or "WordPress Address (URL)" to avoid conflicts.
  2. Test the Gatsby site: Finally, visit www.example.com/gatsby/ in your web browser to see if your Gatsby site is successfully hosted within the WordPress sub-directory.


Note: Depending on your server setup and requirements, some variations or additional configuration may be necessary.

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